Jimmy Carter and Dr. Norman Borluag, who helped bring a “Green Revolution” to India and Pakistan in the early 1970s by increasing their rice and other food grain production, began a similar grassroots movement among small farmers in Africa. The men inspired the governments of a number of African countries to provide small loans for fertilizer and better seed. [These farmers were able to repay the loans easily through their increased crop yields.] What’s more, Carter and Borluag didn’t encourage the use of costly and difficult to maintain equipment like tractors. But rather these farmers primarily used hoes and other hand tools, Carter writes in his book: Talking Peace. Note: This has decidedly been a major problem in American farming. That is, first it was small tractors and small combines. Then they were bigger, then bigger… This meant farmers could farm bigger tracts of land — buying some some small family farmers out, then more small family farmers out… In turn, less and less youth were being raised on the land and the once backbone of our country started going away incrementally. This was all billed as: “progress.” But was it? The Amish, for instance, intentionally don’t use tractors or combines. They stay small, don’t buy each other out, and are tremendously good environmental stewards with their land.